There’s a word for the S sound that trips so many up: sibilant. Instead of saying “the house of Paul” in English we use the apostrophe S to show that the house belongs to Paul. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. So when the question, "What is a possessive pronoun?" arises, students may try to run for the door. His here is the possessive pronoun. Instead, possessive pronouns are by their very nature are in the possessive form. Possessive pronouns are used to show ownership of an item or an idea. For example: I have a red car. It stems from the Latin word meaning “hissing.” It can also be used to describe other letters when they make that same S sound, such as ch, sh, z, and zh. Take a look at the examples below and see if you can understand one sentence better than the other: Generally, you will use possessive pronouns to talk about a person, place, or thing that has already been explained. Take these rules and go write without fear. Those are my Converse sneakers. There are two types of possessive pronouns: When we want to use a pronoun to show possession, we cannot use subject pronouns. So, it would be: Rule 5: Whether a noun ends in an S or not, if it’s followed by the word sake, most say it just gets an apostrophe. A possessive noun shows who has or owns something. Objective Pronouns. Second only to the use of the Oxford comma, the creation of, . No. Members' votes 15. Does Traditional Grammar Matter When It Comes To Singular “They” And “Themself”? I like listening to Bruno Mars more than Michael Jackson, but he dance moves are far more iconic. Rule 1: In general, you form a possessive singular noun (both proper and common) by adding an apostrophe and the letter S to the end of the word. Let's take a look. Pronouns: possessive ( my, mine, your, yours, etc.) There’s also an “independent” form of each of these pronouns: mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, and theirs. Along with subject and object pronouns, any list of personal pronouns must also include possessive pronouns. When a plural noun ends with an "s," simply add an apostrophe to make it possessive. Possessive pronouns do exactly what it seems like they should do. Let’s use hers. (Answers are below.). Without an accompanying noun, as in mine is red, I prefer yours, this book is his. They are not your Converse sneakers. The more concise you can be, the greater the chance the readers will follow what you're saying. Owls… The jewelry that the police accused Mrs. Jones of stealing turned out to be, After getting distracted by a phone call, Jim realized he had burned. Native English Pronouns “Ou, a”: Native English Gender-Neutral Pronouns. And if anyone has a problem with it, distract them with a debate about the Oxford comma. Interrogative. The strong (or absolute) possessive pronouns are mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, and theirs. Hampers' conditions 9. It’s theirs. Now that you understand how they work, try using some of these possessive pronouns in your own sentences. "He" is a subject pronoun. my — mine your — yours his — his her — hers our — ours their — theirs Your house is small. Rule 2: Plural nouns, on the other hand, generally don’t get an extra S, just an apostrophe. For example: its or hers. Learn more about the most formal way to address a letter and how to actually use it correctly: To Whom It May Concern! Eggs' color 6. Each Spanish possessive pronoun has four forms that must agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun in the phrase they replace. Others, such as the Chicago Manual of Style, say if the word before sake ends in an S, then it should just get an apostrophe. The issue isn’t as cut and dried as some grammar rules, such as what punctuation is used to end a declarative sentence. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. There are 5 possible declensions (-m, -n, -r, -e, -s), so there are 5 ways to say each possessive pronoun, e.g. … Looking back in history doesn’t help settle the matter either, as the correct use of the apostrophe has always been ambiguous. There are two types of possessive pronouns: 1. But what should you do if you are adding a possessive personal pronoun into the mix?! As both possessive forms are used to describe ownership it can be easy to confuse them. Apostrohpe, Genitive, Possessive, English Online Exercise. Looking for some possessive pronoun practice for elementary kids? Below are some sentences that contain possessive pronoun mistakes. Possessive pronouns simplify constructions that show possession of a noun. possessive. In the examples above, you can see that each sentiment was neatly expressed in fewer words with a strong possessive pronoun. Possessive Pronouns vs. the Genitive Case (Pronombres posesivos y el genitivo) El genitivo “-s” no se ha de confundir con los pronombres posesivos. (= bigger than his car) I like her car. And, of course, they also show possession. We use possessive pronouns to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the "antecedent") belonging to a person/people (and sometimes belonging to an animal/animals or thing/things). Forms a question. A Spanish possessive pronoun (pronombre posesivo), such as mío or suyo, is used in place of a noun and a possessive adjective. And here's why. Read the sentences together. Rule 1: In general, you form a possessive singular noun (both proper and common) by adding an apostrophe and the letter S to the end of the word. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Why can’t all grammar rules be this simple?) An objective pronoun acts as the object of a sentence—it receives the action … Used to ask a question. Learn and practise Possessive pronouns grammar | Oxford Learner's Dictionaries We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. A possessive used in this way is called a substantive possessive pronoun or an absolute pronoun. If you’re just writing to write, then choose a method and stick to it. A possessive noun, which contains an apostrophe S, is used to show possession or that there is a relationship between two things or that something belongs to someone or something. If you’re a student, follow the rules your teacher dictates. They refer back to a noun or noun phrase already used, replacing it to avoid repetition: \"I said that phone was mine.\" 1. Babies' shoes 3. It is used to asked a question. Note that in the original sentence, the name was followed by an apostrophe, however, in the pronoun form, we do not use apostrophe. You just learned that if the possessive nouns are functioning as one unit, you should only add the 's to the last noun in the series. Jane takes pride in Jane’s outfits. Others should get an apostrophe and an S. So, it would be: There’s also a camp that says we should make like George Bernard Shaw and do away with apostrophes all together, be it for possessives, contractions, or anywhere else they may live. Being concise is the name of the game no matter what type of material you're drafting. Answer these questions related to possessive pronouns. Now, if you replace it with the appropriate possessive pronoun, it will make a lot more sense: Without doubt, possessive pronouns help us to be more concise and use less words when explaining the same idea. Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. words whose pronunciations we can’t agree on, either. Download our Possessive pronouns activity below. Usually the antecedant is unknown. What Is The Difference Between “Judgement” And “Judgment”? Rule 3: According to some, those words with two or more syllables typically just get an apostrophe after the final S, while one-syllable words getting both an apostrophe and an S. Some people apply it to more recent names as well, such as Dr. Seuss’s writings or Kenny Rogers’ songs, while others believe they all should also get an additional S. Rule 4: When it comes to singular nouns that are plural words, they typically just get the apostrophe. 1. For example: it’s is the contracted form of it is. Lemons' acidity 14. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Try to make a conscious effort to replace complex possessive structures with simpler possessive pronouns in your everyday speech and writing. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Once it started to be used to show ownership, however, there was never any consensus as to how it should be done properly, and we live with that legacy today. Compound nouns in English can be single words (keyboard, bookcase etc. That’s my charger you’re grabbing. When it comes to historical proper names or those found in the Bible, however, there is another rule many choose to follow. Kites' altitudes 13. Define possessive pronoun: the definition of a possessive pronoun is a pronoun that denotes ownership. Once it started to be used to show ownership, however, there was never any consensus as to how it should be done properly, and we live with that legacy today. Can you fix them? Así podemos decir: According to "Dennis Baron’s Grammar and Gende": In 1789, William H. Marshall records the existence of a dialectal English epicene pronoun, singular ou : "'Ou will' expresses either he will, she will, or it will." Singular possessive, add the apostrophe s, always. To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. The possessive pronouns in English are as follows: Subject Possessive Pronouns I Mine You Yours He His She Hers It --- * We Ours You (pl) Yours They Theirs * We avoid using the possessive pronoun ITS. Here’s a list of possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns. ), they can be hyphenated (ice-cream, president-elect etc.) These sibilant sounds throw people for a loop when they come at the end of a word, with many doing linguistic gymnastics trying to avoid the awkward possessive. That’s simple enough. Tired of embarrassing typos? Let's try the replacement technique. Consistency is the best rule. Igloos' construction 10. Here the possessive form serves as an adjective or determiner, and may be called a possessive adjective, possessive determiner or adjectival possessive pronoun. So let’s take a look at some of the various approaches people take when addressing this possessive. Let Grammar Coach™ do the heavy lifting, and fix your writing for free! We use possessive pronouns depending on: number: singular (eg: mine) or plural (eg: ours) ). You don't have to add an 's to the pronoun because it's already possessive without the apostrophe. Here's a reminder of the possessive forms: Practicing with possessive pronouns is the best way to familiarize yourself with them. Possessive pronouns can be used instead of possessive nouns. Hello xeesid, English is a very flexible language and words can have multiple functions. My house is bigger than yours. Start now! We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words: Is that John's car? He called apostrophes “. Brackets vs. Parentheses: How to Use Them. It’s when the car belongs to a person named Chris, or we’re talking about the petals of a crocus that the rules get blurry. If you enjoy the unresolved debates over grammar rules, you’ll also enjoy learning about words whose pronunciations we can’t agree on, either! (A period. For more examples see Examples of Possessive Pronouns. Possessive pronouns are very similar to possessive adjectives and it's easy to confuse the two. The wea… It is mine. (=their car) Here are some examples that use possessive pronouns correctly: The possessive adjectives are in italics and the absolutes possessive pronouns are in bold. Notice that some of these examples have more than one pronoun in them. I didn't have my textbook for English class, so Brian lent me his textbook. Possessive pronouns do exactly what it seems like they should do. Task No. One of the best ways to understand possessive pronouns is to know how they function in a sentence. Used to ask a question. To date, no changes have been made, but as you can see, it’s an ever-evolving, highly volatile topic. He called apostrophes “uncouth bacilli” (rough translation: “awkward bacteria”), and while we’re not sure we’d go that far, this apostrophe anarchy is admittedly a bit unnerving for those who like hard and fast grammar rules. If you get stuck, remember that ProWritingAid’s Grammar Checkis here to help clear up your possessive nouns and much more besides. In that case, add an 's to the noun that comes before the pronoun. In the first sentence, my indicates that the speaker owns the charger. Possessive Pronouns. Look at the example: Paul’s house is very big. The word apostrophe first appeared around 1580–90, stemming from the Greek word apostroph?, meaning “a turning away,” which makes sense as it was first used in English to represent missing letters in a word. Then, feel free to play these pronoun games or take this pronoun quiz to test your skills. 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