Informational table showing disease name, symptoms, pathogen/cause, and management of Juniper diseases. Providing adequate irrigation is an essential part of how to grow a Spartan juniper. Use them to draw attention to an entry or path. Jun 20, 2019 - Explore P NIC's board "Spartan Juniper" on Pinterest. Problem Info The needles are chewed, and individual branches or the entire tree or shrub may be defoliated. The original tree is native to northeast Asia, including China. The bags are constructed from interwoven bits of dead foliage, twigs, and silk. This fast-growing juniper maxes out around 15 ft. 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Bright-orange masses or spots responsible for producing spores develop on the galls. Proper spacing at planting to ensure good air circulation around a Spartan juniper also is helpful. Avoid problems with wood decay fungi by providing your juniper with good cultural care and by properly removing dead or diseased branches promptly. Multiple fungi can cause wood decay in a juniper, typically affecting only an old, dying or wounded tree. Avoid overwatering the tree. The tree makes an excellent medium hedge or screen as well as an attractive ornamental specimen. Sign up for our newsletter. This cultivar grows to some 15 feet (5 m.) tall but remains slender, between 3 to 5 feet (.9-1.5 m.) wide. Consider completely removing and replacing an old, declining Spartan juniper because it will continue to decline and become weaker structurally as wood decay or other diseases progress. Plant juniper bushes in a site where soil drains well. Fast-growing habit keeps its pyramidal shape with minimal pruning for easy maintenance. However, they can be infected with tip and needle blights. Juniper berries, needles, and stems can be mildly toxic to dogs and cats if eaten, though most pets will leave plants alone due to the bitter taste. Spartan Junipers grow in … Hello, I would like to ask about care for mature Spartan Juniper in Denver area. Spartan juniper trees are a narrow cultivar of Chinese juniper, Juniper chinensis. If you plant them in wet soil, they will likely develop root rot and die. Fruits and Vegetables. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Spartan Chinese Juniper in the Spring. Rusts. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Soggy roots and excessive moisture make these plants susceptible to fungal diseases which can cause browning of foliage. On a juniper, these rust diseases typically appear as galls, or swellings, on twigs. Distorted clusters of growth called "witches' brooms" may develop above galls. Nice choice for year round color. Sooty mold is a fungus that is grown on the sugary honeydew that insects such as aphids excrete. Chinese Spartan juniper is usually a healthy plant. Multiple rust pathogens, including the fungal pathogen responsible for cedar-apple rust, use junipers as hosts. Clipping the green tips of branches encourages a new flush of growth. Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan' Be the first to review this product. The tough yet attractive Spartan Juniper is a fast-growing, highly durable evergreen. I have a west facing townhouse with a narrow (about 2 feet) stretch of land between my driveway and the next townhouse's driveway. These trees are not particularly susceptible to any pest issues or disease problems. Master Gardeners. Tall and 3 ft. to 5 ft. W. Foliage becomes sparse, and the branches may die one at a time. The foliage is dark green and quite dense, which is why it's frequently used as a topiary. In its natural form, the … Spartan Junipers can grow into a narrow cone or columnar shape that stays quite thick. Grow them in high quality, heavyweight concrete or ceramic containers for proper scale and stability. Shoots die back or are bushy or stunted. Spartan Juniper is the source of the lovely spiraled topiary columns so popular in Mediterranean inspired gardens. Plus, the Spartan’s fantastic tolerance to heat, cold, drought, and salt make it one of the hardiest junipers you can find. Q. "Spartan" juniper doesn't require shearing to keep its size, but responds well to pruning if you desire to keep it smaller. Spartan Juniper - 2.5 Quart Pot; Spartan Juniper - 2.5 Quart Pot . Remove blight- and canker-affected portions of a Spartan juniper, making each cut to remove a diseased area several inches below cankers and into healthy tissue when conditions are dry. It can grow up to 20 feet tall but is not a fast grower. We have a 4-5 foot Spartan with 2 leaders (from the bottom of the trunk). If the insects live on the juniper, the mold is most likely present. One Problem to Avoid For all its merits '– and there are many '– we'd have to say that root rot may be Spartan Juniper's primary problem. In fact, it's now considered by most growers to be the most popular upright juniper on the market. The Junipers are about 15ft planted in a row of 7, as as screen. It grows well in a variety of climates and offers year round interest. Spartan Chinese Juniper in the Winter. Spartan Juniper is a beautiful, fast growing tall column of greenery. Step 2 Space juniper bushes far enough apart to prevent overcrowding and the increased risk of fungal disease that comes with it. Phytophthora root rot is a soil-borne fungal disease. For additional information about Spartan juniper trees, including tips for growing and care, click on the following article. Spartan Juniper with 2 Leaders. Spartan is an evergreen that grows extremely quick and can be used to create an attractive hedge or screen. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. Mulch over the roots will help retain moisture during the … Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan' is a handsome, fast growing, columnar selection of Chinese juniper that forms a stately, densely branched bushy conifer with dark green foliage. Spartan Juniper Diseases Rot. A welcome alternative to the tall cypress of Italy, this column of green foliage can be pruned into a variety of topiary forms. Its densely branched pyramidal form holds rich green foliage all year. Cut the top of the Spartan Juniper back to its joint with a lateral branch, if needed, to control the height. Planted in soil with good drainage, they do not get root rot. At one foot thick it sounds very sturdy! in a slightly slopped area The soil is clay and I would like to know if soil aeration would be a good practice. Twig & Tip Blight:Junipers frequently exhibit dieback of shoot tips or entire shoots and browning of needles. That means regular deep irrigation is important for the first few seasons. Spartan juniper trees (Juniperus chinensis ‘Spartan’) may be the next best alternative. Thrives in areas that receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day, and is heat-tolerant for planting in … Spartan juniper feature shrub is ideal as a formal privacy screen or wind break, or shaping into a topiary. The Most Popular Juniper Why Spartan Junipers? I … Select a planting site carefully. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The Spartan Juniper is a regal evergreen that features a naturally pyramidal growth habit, no pruning required. The trees grow best in full sun and absolutely require well-drained soil. You can help the tree develop its roots by loosening up the roots when you remove the plant from its container. Tolerant to drought, a wide range of temperatures, and salt spray, the spartan juniper is one of the most popular upright and narrow junipers available today. Cut any dead or broken branches back to the point of origin on the parent stem or back to the central leader trunk. It is well-suited for use as a formal accent, screen or windbreak. Asked June 23, 2018, 1:11 PM EDT. Many people who plant a privacy hedge or windbreak need it yesterday. Multiple fungal pathogens can cause twig blights, tip blights or cankers on a Spartan juniper. Those interested in growing Spartan juniper will want to start with climate. Spartan Chinese Juniper Foliage What should we do to mitigate any future problems? The center of affected roots become reddish brown, and the outer layer of roots can be peeled easily. Chinese Spartan juniper is usually a healthy plant. Ingestion is rarely if ever fatal, but can cause stomach upset, vomiting, diarrhea, and (in extreme cases) kidney problems. Juniperus scopulorum ‘Wichita Blue’ is an upright grower to about 15 feet, which is really a tall shrub rather than a tree. Its dense foliage is dark green and can be clipped into different shapes. Planted in soil with good drainage, they do not get root rot. University of Florida IFAS Extension: Juniperus Chinensis "Spartan", University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences: Junipers, University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Juniper, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Juniper Diseases and Insect Pests, University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Rusts, University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Juniper Twig Blights. Canker may attack bark or main stems. These trees are not particularly susceptible to any pest issues or disease problems. Crown rot or root rot caused by a Phytophthora fungus generally results in a slow decline of the entire juniper... Blights and Cankers. They make a great stand-alone tree in your yard or if planted in a row on 4’-6’ centers, make a great screen. Junipers are generally susceptible to tip and needle blights. Chinese Spartan junipers do best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 or 5 through 9. For additional information about Spartan juniper trees, including tips for growing and care, read on. Replace most of the soil and water thoroughly. Skyrocket Juniper Vs. Medora Juniper Vs. Italian Cyprus - Knowledgebase Question. Print This Page. See more ideas about backyard landscaping, landscape, landscape design. Crown rot or root rot caused by a Phytophthora fungus generally results in a slow decline of the entire juniper plant. I have questions about care and pests. Writer: Adam Russell, 903-834-6191, adam.russell@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Kevin Ong, 979-845-8000, kevo@tamu.edu COLLEGE STATION – It’s been a tough 2017 so far for juniper and cypress varieties used in landscapes, as pests and diseases make the rounds, causing blight and tree die-offs. A quick growing upright juniper. For such a tall evergreen shrub, it requires very little maintenance. Root rot may occur, particularly in wet, poorly drained soils. Spartan Juniper trees naturally grow into a columnar shape that doesn't require any pruning to maintain its form. Common insect pests of junipers would include bagworms, spider mites, leaf miner, webworm, scale and aphids, all of which can be controlled with an appropriate pesticide. It is best to control the insects in order to control the mold problem. Cankers, which are areas of dead tissue, may appear on the juniper's stems. Leimone Waite. Wood decay fungi typically are recognized and distinguished by their fruiting bodies, conks or brackets that appear near a juniper's root crown or around wounds or branch scars. Spartan Juniper (Juniperus chinensis ‘Spartan’) Spartan juniper is pest-resistant and tolerant of many climate conditions. Pruning is not an essential part of Spartan juniper care. Although these trees can develop drought resistance, they take quite a while to establish their root system after transplant. Once the water has drained away replace the rest of the soil. Therefore, unlike the extensive root system that would be required to anchor a very tall tree, I doubt your juniper will develop roots that would damage your retaining wall. This problem occurs typically during warm, wet weather conditions and is usually caused by one of the fungal organisms described below. The fungal pathogens infect a juniper through wounds when the foliage is wet. Use a knife to break up the tight root mass. Hanging from the branches are carrot-shaped cases, or ''bags'', 1-3 inches long. Emerald green arborvitae is a wider tree. It works wonderfully for a windbreak or tall hedge. "Spartan" juniper reaches 20 feet in height and spreads 4 to 6 feet in width. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The disease thrives in … Add to Wishlist; Share This. There are many different types of diseases and insects that can affect the juniper tree. Question by captdms February 6, 2002. Multiple fungal pathogens can cause twig blights, tip blights or cankers on a Spartan juniper. These diseases force foliage to turn yellow, brown or red and wilt. However, they can be infected with tip and needle blights. Avoid wetting the tree's foliage with sprinkler irrigation or other splashing water, and do not overfertilize the juniper. Spartan is an evergreen that grows extremely quick and can be used to create an attractive hedge or screen. Phomopsis Tip Blight: This disease is caused by the fungus Phomopsis juniperovoraan… She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. If you do prune your Spartans, act in summer for best results. Once the symptoms of Phytophthora are noticed, treatments are ineffective. The Spartan cultivar is also known as Chinese Spartan juniper. No insects, no mold. Alexandria, VA. Spartan Juniper. Spartan juniper (Juniperus chinensis "Spartan"), also commonly known as Spartan Chinese juniper, grows as an evergreen tree with a pyramidal or columnar form. Lack of sunlight may have created a dead zone on the other leader. Phytophthora Root Rot. Needles may drop from the plant, and dark cankers may form at the junction of live and dead wood. Planting the juniper in soil that offers good drainage is very important. To plant your Junipers, dig a hole three times the width of the pot and place your tree at the same depth as it was in the pot. There may be a problem with the appearance of the area covered by the unwanted leader. Cedar-apple rust and related rust diseases spend part of their life cycle on junipers. Do not plant it or other Phytophthora-susceptible plants where Phytophthora created problems in the past. Some of the branches have turned brown on my juniper shrubs. Remove and dispose of infected portions of a Spartan juniper before the orange, spore-producing masses develop, and promptly rake up and dispose of fallen debris. Excellent Spartan juniper care can prevent many health issues. Master Gardeners: Address juniper problems. Spartan Juniper - 2.5 Quart Pot. A handful of diseases can affect a Spartan juniper, although the tree rarely experience problems if properly positioned and cared for well. Even without being sheared or trimmed, the plants have a uniform shape. 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