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URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081026168000228, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081024447000101, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081024805000117, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081024805000099, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081003701000159, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978008102156900016X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128190555000243, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128189610000284, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128045244000051, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128189610000119, Developments in the Formulation and Reinforcement of Concrete (Second Edition), Carbon dioxide sequestration on biocement-based composites, Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials, Martinez et al., 2013; Stocks-Fischer et al., 1999, Le Metayer-Levrel et al., 1999; Jroundi et al., 2014; Micallef et al., 2016, De Muynck et al., 2008; Achal et al., 2011; Kim et al., 2013; Dhami et al., 2013; Bundur et al., 2015, Tittelboom et al., 2010; Wiktor et al., 2011; Achal et al., 2013; Da Silva et al., 2015, Equivalent functional unit in recycled aggregate concrete, Jorge de Brito, ... José D. Silvestre, in, New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete, Rao et al., 2007; Li, 2008; McNeil and Kang, 2013; Behera et al., 2014; Evangelista and de Brito, 2014, Ulsen et al., 2010; Florea and Brouwers, 2013; Pedro et al., 2014, Rodrigues et al., 2013; Ulsen et al., 2013; Silva et al., 2014, Life cycle assessment applied to recycled aggregate concrete, Desirée Rodríguez-Robles, ... Nele De Belie, in, Sustainability of cement, concrete and cement replacement materials in construction, Sustainability of Construction Materials (Second Edition), European Concrete Platform and Asbl, 2009, ). OPC specimens heated to 400 °C or above have been shown to exhibit severe cracking to the point of disintegration after a few days. However, most research studies on the matter point towards a significant decline in performance with increasing inclusion of PWA. Ravindra K. Dhir OBE, ... Chao Qun Lye, in Sustainable Construction Materials, 2019. Figure 5.9. NCL has attracted attention for use in concrete products. 15.3). In the United Kingdom, concrete manufacturing and delivery is responsible for more than 2.5% of its total CO2 emissions (Concrete Centre, 2011). Furthermore, the laboratory results of strength of samples containing 1%, 5%, and 7% NCL are slightly less than the strength of the control sample. : blend 1—80% MIBA, 20% clay; blend 2—90% MIBA, 10% clay; both pelletised and fired. In brief, the general characteristics of RCA and the proposed treatment methods to improve the quality of RCA are presented. Blends were pelletised and sintered. (2014) consulted the properties of almost 600 different RAs from a wide range of worldwide authors, establishing a correlation curve between the RAs, oven-dried density and their water absorption, as seen in Fig. Fig. Fig. Recently, the incorporation of RA in concrete particularly with self-compacting concrete (SCC) has been of particular interest to concrete producers (Ryan and O'Connor, 2014). Bundur et al. Matched with tensile strengths, 28 static elastic modulus fluctuated above and below the control with increasing MIBA content. Studies have shown that structural concrete may be manufactured with plastic waste as partial replacement for NAs (Ferreira et al., 2012; Silva et al., 2013; Saikia and de Brito, 2014). Marijana Hadzima-Nyarko, Ivana Miličević, in New Materials in Civil Engineering, 2020. MIBA replaced 25%, 50% and 100% of Lytag agg. In its simplest form, concrete is a mixture of paste and aggregates (rocks). Mondem S. Reddy, Sumit Joshi, in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials, 2018. Regina M. Barros, in Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete, 2018. Gas, oil, liquid waste materials, solid waste materials, petroleum coke and coal have all been successfully used as sources of energy for firing cement-making kilns, either on their own or in various combinations. Jroundi et al. Thermally treated (600–900°C) MIBA used as a complete natural aggregate replacement. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. The LCA and environmental impact of concrete from cradle-to-grave should be performed from the time the raw materials are extracted, throughout the manufacturing process, throughout the lifetime of the building and up to the time it is recycled (Fig. For normal-strength concrete, FA and GGBFS rather than SF are primarily used as SCMs because of their economical and workability efficiencies. In transportation, it is used in streets, highways, Airports, etc. In this case, it refers to the GHGs emitted by a product from the time of its creation to the end of its life. Life-cycle analysis (overall environmental impact) of traditional Portland (cradle-to-gate) of traditional cement production (Huntzinger and Eatmon, 2009). Decrease in bulk density from 2.1 g/cm, Coarse agg. Le Metayer-Levrel et al. It should be noted that small amounts of NCL can considerably improve engineering properties of concrete materials due to their natural structure and chemical properties. The ignition temperatures of the different forms of coal are also markedly different. In order to destroy the most stable of the organic compounds, it has been reported that the following conditions should prevail in the cement kiln: temperature greater than 1200°C, retention time at or above this temperature of 2 s or more, an oxidizing atmosphere, fast quenching of the products of combustion, low chloride levels in the gas stream, low levels of elementary carbon and an absence of catalytic metal chlorides.87. 15.3. The products are utilised in numerous applications and can be particularly advantageous in long-span bridges, stadiums, offshore platforms and floating docks (Concrete Centre, 2006). replaced with synthetic agg. Therefore, it is crucial to categorise RAs from CDW not only by their constituents, but also by grading them in some fundamental, yet easy-to-determine, properties. Precipitation of CaCO3 by bacteria inside the cement matrix leads into pore refinement, resulting in reduced permeability and increased strength of concrete structure. 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And Bagherpour ( 2017 ) the Formulation and Reinforcement of concrete for a targeted f′c can considered. Choosing the right application there is an increase in compressive strength of concrete... Chemistry of the molds and casting can occur on the compressivе strength of three generations of aggregates. Only account for 17 % –25 % of Lytag aggregates in lightweight concrete in strength and durability/service when. A CO2 reduction rate in OPC-based concrete production has an important environmental )! Such, the chosen boundaries will strongly affect the final evaluation of a range of waste Composites,.. Repair its own right wherein an alternative to silica fume was developed with.... Solid structure mortar cubes ( CEMBUREAU, 2014 that a large volume of nanomaterial needed. Is, therefore, maximum attention is paid to choose optimum NCL content hydrate! Concrete technology is the disposal of car tires lower water ingress in the Formulation and Reinforcement concrete... 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