Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 4. them--rather, "God also [as well as Christ, Hebrews 2:3 ] bearing witness to it," &c. joining in attestation of it." "That thou mightest still the enemy and avenger" ( Psalms 8:2 ). He uses for "God," the periphrasis, "Him for whom . An answer to the Jews, and Hebrew Christians, whosoever, through impatience at the delay in the promised advent of Christ's glory, were in danger of apostasy, stumbling at Christ crucified. 17. The sinner is brought by that sacrifice into God's favor, which by sin he had forfeited; hence his right prayer is, "God be propitiated (so the Greek) to me who am a sinner" ( Luke 18:13 ). ( 1 Corinthians 15:27 .) Hebrews does not mention this destruction. his); then at Hebrews 2:9 , first JESUS is introduced as fulfilling, as man, all the conditions of the prophecy, and passing through death Himself; and so consequently bringing us men, His "brethren," to "glory and honor." So the function of angels is in the area of revelation. ( 1 Corinthians 15:27 .) 2 Therefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it. Hebrews 2 – Jesus, Our Elder Brother A. All Rights Reserved. At Psalms 22:22 , which begins with Christ's cry, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" Study Guide. his brethren--( Hebrews 2:11 ); "the seed of Abraham" ( Hebrews 2:16 ), and so also the spiritual seed, His elect out of all mankind. This is why many scientists believe the epistle was written during the years 60 to 70 AC. him . destroy--literally, "render powerless"; deprive of all power to hurt His people. This verse implies that the Hebrews of the churches of Palestine and Syria (or those of them dispersed in Asia Minor [BENGEL], 1 Peter 1:1 , or in Alexandria) were primarily addressed in this Epistle; for of none so well could it be said, the Gospel was confirmed to them by the immediate hearers of the Lord: the past tense, "was confirmed," implies some little time had elapsed since this testification by eye-witnesses. In their ministrations they stand on a different footing from that on which they stood towards us in the Old Testament. It is a striking feature in Christianity that it unites such amazing contrasts as "our brother and our God" [THOLUCK]. signs and wonders--performed by Christ and His apostles. However, this objection is not valid, as the two clauses express distinct ideas; "I will put my trust in Him" expresses His filial confidence in God as His Father, to whom He flees from His sufferings, and is not disappointed; which His believing brethren imitate, trusting solely in the Father through Christ, and not in their own merits. Okay, so God's Son is super important—that's why his followers need to pay really close attention to what they've been taught about him. Paul, the author of Hebrews, wanted Christians to know that the role of Jesus is superior to angels because He placed our salvation in His hands. Psalms 8:5-7 praises Jehovah for exalting MAN, so as to subject all the works of God on earth to him: this dignity having been lost by the first Adam, is realized only in Christ the Son of man, the Representative Man and Head of our redeemed race. Christ, the antitypical Prophet, similarly, instead of the human confidences of His age, Himself, and with Him GOD THE FATHER'S children (who are therefore His children, and so antitypical to Isaiah's children, though here regarded as His "brethren," compare Isaiah 9:6 ; "Father" and "His seed," Isaiah 53:10 ) led by Him, trust wholly in God for salvation. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Christ by delivering us from the curse of God against our sin, has taken from death all that made it formidable. Each fresh aid given Him assured Him, as it does them, of aid for the future, until the complete victory was obtained over death and hell Philippians 1:16 [BENGEL]. But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Moreover, "Sons of God" is, in Scripture usage, the dignity obtained by our union with Christ; and our brotherhood with Him flows from God being His and our Father. which--"inasmuch as it is a salvation which began," &c. spoken by the Lord--as the instrument of proclaiming it. The author of sin is the author of its consequences. Behold I and the children, &c.--( Isaiah 8:18 ). So the man Jesus, though Lord of angels, when He emptied Himself of the externals of His Divinity was in His human nature "a little lower than the angels"; though this is not the primary reference here, but man in general. Previous Next. power--Satan is "strong" ( Matthew 12:29 ). it behooved him--by moral necessity, considering what the justice and love of God required of Him as Mediator (compare Hebrews 5:3 ), the office which He had voluntarily undertaken in order to "help" man ( Hebrews 2:16 ). in all things--which are incidental to manhood, the being born, nourished, growing up, suffering. The Lord was angry with that particular generation because they did not listen to the Lord. Scripture: Hebrews 2:14–18. Basically, God created the world and then made an agreement with the people living in it: if they put their faith in him, he would be their God. . The death, as man, must first be, in order that the bringing in of the blood into the heavenly Holy Place might follow, in which consisted the expiation as High Priest. according to his own will--God's free and sovereign will, assigning one gift of the Spirit to one, another to another ( Acts 5:32 , Ephesians 1:5 ). Hebrews 2:3 is one reason some believe the Apostle Paul did not write Hebrews. Chapter 2. For man's nature is exalted in Christ now, so that angels are our "fellow servants" ( Revelation 22:9 ). Analysis These verses compare Christians to runners in a stadium. it became him--The whole plan was (not only not derogatory to, but) highly becoming God, though unbelief considers it a disgrace [BENGEL]. the seed of Abraham--He views Christ's redemption (in compliment to the Hebrews whom he is addressing, and as enough for his present purpose) with reference to Abraham's seed, the Jewish nation, primarily; not that he excludes the Gentiles ( Hebrews 2:9 , "for every man"), who, when believers, are the seed of Abraham spiritually (compare Hebrews 2:12 , Psalms 22:22 Psalms 22:25 Psalms 22:27 ), but direct reference to them (such as is in Romans 4:11 Romans 4:12 Romans 4:16 , Galatians 3:7 Galatians 3:14 Galatians 3:28 Galatians 3:29 ) would be out of place in his present argument. 3. we--who have received the message of salvation so clearly delivered to us (compare Hebrews 12:25 ). (1) Jesus has a more excellent name than the angels (v.4,5). This is why it is important to have a clean and pure heart, to listen to the Word of God, and to heed His commands. Paul mentions what they had heard, rather than what they had seen, conformably with what he began with, Hebrews 1:1 Hebrews 1:2 , "spake . It is the same argument for Jesus being the Christ which Matthew, writing his Gospel for the Hebrews, uses, tracing the genealogy of Jesus from Abraham, the father of the Jews, and the one to whom the promises were given, on which the Jews especially prided themselves (compare Romans 9:4 Romans 9:5 ). g. 1 Therefore we must give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away. Compare "power of the enemy" ( Luke 10:19 ). Sin is not, in the original constitution of man, a necessary attendant of manhood, so He had no sin. God in His electing love, by Christ's finished work, perfectly sanctifies them to God's service and to heaven once for all: then they are progressively sanctified by the transforming Spirit "Sanctification is glory working in embryo; glory is sanctification come to the birth, and manifested" [ALFORD]. . Compare "It is finished," Luke 24:26 , John 19:30 . 6. perfect--"to consummate"; to bring to consummated glory through sufferings, as the appointed avenue to it. The inner and more important element, the blood, as the more immediate vehicle of the soul, stands before the more palpable element, the flesh; also, with reference to Christ's blood-shedding with a view to which He entered into community with our corporeal life. Christ plants in them an undying seed, the germ of heavenly immortality, though believers have to pass through natural death. Proud member ( Psalms 22:22 .) by them that heard him--(Compare Luke 1:2 ). Translate in the Greek order, to bring out the proper emphasis, "Not the angels hath He," &c. the world to come--implying, He has subjected to angels the existing world, the Old Testament dispensation (then still partly existing as to its framework), Hebrews 2:2 , the political kingdom of the earth ( Daniel 4:13 , Daniel 10:13 Daniel 10:20 Daniel 10:21 , 12:1 ), and the natural elements ( Revelation 9:11 , 16:4 ). captain of, &c.--literally, Prince-leader: as Joshua, not Moses, led the people into the Holy Land, so will our Joshua, or Jesus, lead us into the heavenly inheritance ( Acts 13:39 ). In Hebrews 2:6-8 , MAN is spoken of in general ("him . that he by the grace of God--( Titus 2:11 , 3:4 ). for whom--God the Father ( Romans 11:36 , 1 Corinthians 8:6 , Revelation 4:11 ). gifts, &c.--Greek, "distributions." All rights reserved. The power which death has Satan wields. Jun 23, 1996. So the discourses of Jesus, for example, the Sermon on the Mount, and the first proclamation of the Gospel kingdom by the Lord ( Matthew 4:17 ), he could only know by the report of the Twelve: so the saying, "It is more blessed to give than to receive" ( Acts 20:35 ). 18. . As no limitation occurs in the sacred writing, the "all things" must include heavenly, as well as earthly things (compare 1 Corinthians 3:21 1 Corinthians 3:22 ). Christ's Sonship (by generation) in relation to God is reflected in the sonship (by adoption) of His brethren. 2 We must pay the most careful attention, therefore, to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away. So in the main CALVIN remarks here. Hebrews 2:5, ESV: "For it was not to angels that God subjected the world to come, of which we are speaking." Contrast with this bondage, the glory of the "sons" ( Hebrews 2:10 ). will I sing--as leader of the choir ( Psalms 8:2 ). The Hebrew, "Enosh" and "Ben-Adam," express "man" and "Son of man" in his weakness: "Son of man" is here used of any and every child of man: unlike, seemingly, the lord of creation, such as he was originally (Genesis 1:1-2:25'), and such as he is designed to be ( Psalms 8:1-9 ), and such as he actually is by title and shall hereafter more fully be in the person of, and in union with, Jesus, pre-eminently the Son of man ( Hebrews 2:9 ). Preceding others by His example, as well as the originator of our salvation. crownedst him with glory and honour--as the appointed kingly vicegerent of God over this earth (Genesis 1:1-2:25'). In other passages, Paul clearly set himself on an equal level with the apostles and other eyewitnesses of Jesus (1 Corinthians 9:1 and 1 Corinthians 15:3-11). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The authors say, "Therefore let us go on toward perfection..." giving a list of the basic teachings of … . though unseen by us, save by faith; hereafter all things shall be subjected to Him visibly and fully. Otherwise, they might start getting a … I prefer, with CALVIN, understanding, "to make perfect as a completed sacrifice": legal and official, not moral, perfection is meant: "to consecrate" (so the same Greek is translated Hebrews 7:28 ; compare Margin) by the finished expiation of His death, as our perfect High Priest, and so our "Captain of salvation" ( Luke 13:32 ). He speaks of them as "children" of God, though not yet in being, yet considered as such in His purpose, and presents them before God the Father, who has given Him them, to be glorified with Himself. For verily--Greek, "For as we all know"; "For as you will doubtless grant." The "that," &c. is connected with "crowned with glory," &c. thus: His exaltation after sufferings is the perfecting or consummation of His work ( Hebrews 2:10 ) for us: without it His death would have been ineffectual; with it, and from it, flows the result that His tasting of death is available for (in behalf of, for the good of) every man. that through death--which He could not have undergone as God but only by becoming man. Messiah declares the name of the Father, not known fully as Christ's Father, and therefore their Father, till after His crucifixion ( John 20:17 ), among His brethren ("the Church," that is, the congregation), that they in turn may praise Him ( Psalms 22:23 ). Satan has acquired over man (by God's law, Genesis 2:17 , Romans 6:23 ) the power of death by man's sin, death being the executioner of sin, and man being Satan's "lawful captive." of all things--Greek, "the universe of things," "the all things." Therefore: Because of the superiority of Jesus to the angels, we must pay attention to Jesus. This agrees with Hebrews 2:11 , "He that sanctifieth," that is, consecrates them by Himself being made a consecrated offering for them. Appropriately also in his Epistles to Gentiles, he dwells on his independent call to the apostleship of the Gentiles; in his Epistle to the Hebrews, he appeals to the apostles who had been long with the Lord (compare Acts 1:21 , 10:41 ): so in his sermon to the Jews in Antioch of Pisidia ( Acts 13:31 ); and "he only appeals to the testimony of these apostles in a general way, in order that he may bring the Hebrews to the Lord alone" [BENGEL], not to become partisans of particular apostles, as Peter, the apostle of the circumcision, and James, the bishop of Jerusalem. . testified--the usual way of quoting Scripture to readers familiar with it. "Taste death" implies His personal experimental undergoing of death: death of the body, and death (spiritually) of the soul, in His being forsaken of the Father. Being Human. The same Greek is in Hebrews 12:2 , "Author of our faith." Paul probably alludes to Isaiah 41:8 , Jeremiah 31:32 , Septuagint, from which all Jews would know well that the fact here stated as to Messiah was what the prophets had led them to expect. let them slip--literally "flow past them" ( Hebrews 4:1 ). (Compare Hebrews 2:3 .) There is no more death for believers. Salem Media Group. "God makes of sons of men sons of God, because God hath made of the Son of God the Son of man" [ST. AUGUSTINE on Psalm 2].

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