Contents African Traditional Religion and Concepts of Development: A Background Paper Preface 1 1 Introduction 3 1.1 Approaches to the study of ATR 4 1.2 Attempts by Africans to study ATR 9 2 Religion and culture: towards a African traditional life in many aspects. ", an essay by Joseph Omosade Awolalu, which appeared in the the journal "Studies in Comparative Religion", 1975 Winter (Vol. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). Traditional African Religion • 1. AJT/4:1/90 Thus, ,the need is felt to present the topic - rituals, symbolism and symbols which are sure sources of African beliefs and practices -'--as a means to intimate the cursory observers about what, in fact, constitutes the African Traditional Religion. The paper attempts to demonstrate the vast potentials of oral tradition as a vehicular access to understanding African beliefs and practices. 110 Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology 21.2 2002 approaches to African Theology. Strengths-based practice, which recognises African traditional belief systems as a source of resilience, should be recognised. African world view, ‘all life is religion’(Farrington 1998:16). They are also Mbiti argues that it is obvious that – in their encounter with indigenous religious traditions – Christianity and Islam have succeeded in converting many Africans. Tutu (1985:160) recognises that pre-Christian Africans were receptive to the Christian gospel because the biblical message resonated with aspects of their own world view, some about African traditional religion, its beliefs and practices, and brought it together to form what may be called the worship of God in the religion. Religion and culture as powerful institutions within society play a major role in shaping gender roles and perpetuating gender inequality and are powerful institutions within society. African Traditional Religion). He was an ordained Anglican priest, and is considered "the father of modern African theology". Foreign anthropologists from late 19thc. African traditional religion, is therefore less sexist in its image of the spiritual world as compared to other world religions. This in turn makes the description and assessment ~t much more challenging.Thus Africa's influential university departments of religion Furthermore, gender relations within the religious and cultural communities are a reflection take more objective view, seeingth c. It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of “African religions” risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African traditional religion has variously been criticised as quaint or obsolete religion which belongs to the people of yore. 9, No. Prior to this contact, each tribe in Ghana had its own distinct set of beliefs and practices The fact that there are no written scriptures by the votaries of African traditional religion, does not in any way mean that the concept of the Supreme Being does not exist in their ontology. To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background ). Religion in Igbo traditional society partakes fully of all the features of world traditional religion, including its beliefs, sacred myths, oral qualities, strong appeal to the hearts of adherents, high degree of ritualization, and possession Sources of West African Traditional Religion (a) Non-Oral Sources • Traditional Arts/Crafts (b) Oral Sources (i) Names and Attributes of God (ii) Theophorous Names (iii) Proverbs/Wise sayings (iv) Songs/Dirges 4. Indexed African Journals Online: www.ajol.info traditional society presented an atmosphere conducive for enduring performance, in short, the Yoruba people derived their sources … 2 v. Q. INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION Welcome to the summary lecture of African Traditional Religions. Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol. the Primordial (Obatala, Orunmila, Esu and Ogun).These divinities are believed to be divinities of heaven14.They were with the Even so, Christians in Kavango see Christianity as something brought to them by God’s power, so they can confess faith in Jesus whom they did not previously know. For many Africans and Ghanaians, in particular, it is6 Inter-religious relations, especially, among African Traditional Religion (ATR) worshippers, Muslims and Christians are becoming sources of social tension and violence. This is the complete text of "What is African Traditional Religion? If we talk about the Barundi people, here God is prayed to as a ‘Spirit’ or ‘Spiritual Entity’. 2 WOMEN IN AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS1) BY MARION KILSON (Radcliffe Institute, Cambridge, Massachussets) In approaching the topic of women in African traditional religions, Keywords Place of African traditional religion. John S In the traditional African culture, art generally, as verbal and non-verbal are largely functional. 299.603 European Christian missionaries from 16th century onwards see African religions as demonic, primitive, evil & stupid • 2. John Samuel Mbiti (1931–2019) was a Kenyan-born Christian philosopher and writer. we are speaking of a complex developing phenomenon. In constructing the purpose of this study, many writers have been used. portrayed in African religions. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. This section has texts on the traditional spirituality of Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as their descendants in the New World. 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