Don’t get lost in the first place. In this day and age, with all the smart phones, GPS and other technology we have, knowing how to use a compass and a map is a dying art. The point where that line from the landmark crosses your trail is your location (7b). Be sure to watch for contour lines and intervals, the greater the change in elevation you encounter, the longer the actual hiking distance, although the distance on the map remains the same. Compasses, on the other hand, are nigh-indestructible. While they have the advantage of being precise and durable, lensatic compasses have a slightly higher learning curve. 4. A compass relies only on Earth's magnetic fields. Method #1. Make sure you know how to find a bearing. This article is part of our series: ), One of the tricky parts of navigating with a compass is that magnetic north isn’t the same as true north. Rotate the rotating bezel until the N aligns with the traveling arrow. serves as a line connecting your current position to where you want to go. Different kinds of maps exist for different uses. How To Get Your Map and Compass To Face the Same Direction. This is a great video that will introduce the concepts of orienteering to you. Now, you must align the orienting lines and arrow on your compass with the meridian lines on the map. Compass features. Most of the time, though, the three lines will form a small triangle—your location will be somewhere in or near that small area. If you don’t adjust your compass to compensate, you’ll find yourself headed in the wrong direction. Declination wasn’t discovered until roughly 720 A.D. Lensatic compasses are precise, but have a learning curve. Want to master these techniques and more? Orienting lines: Parallel lines that rotate with the bezel; correctly aligning these with the north-south lines on a map aligns your orienting arrow with north. In Part I, we covered how to properly use a compass, how to shoot your bearings, and the best map for navigating: the topo map.Before we can start actually navigating, which we’ll get to in Part III of this series, we still need to learn where we are in relation to our map — how to orient ourselves. Their batteries can […] Knowing how to use a compass is crucial when heading out in the wilderness. You are now oriented with the map and can use it and the compass to find your way. Setting the map. From navigation to staying dry to predicting the weather, our primer will have you dialed. How helpful was this article? Just follow these steps. A “bearing” is simply a navigationally precise way to describe a direction. Origin longitude, east or west, in degrees, minutes and seconds. Sometimes, they run out of battery; sometimes, after years of use, they fail. Bearings are always relative to a specific location. If the lines you draw meet at a single point, that's your location. While there are many different kinds of compasses on the market, the most common for backpackers is the baseplate compass, which consists of a liquid-filled compass face attached to a flat, clear piece of plastic. In this video, Krik of Black Owl Outdoors uses a Silva Ranger 515 CL compass, explains the basic pieces of a compass, shows you how to orient the map to your location, determine the direction of travel you want to go and then navigate through the terrain to your destination. 3. When protected with either waterproof coatings or careful storage, maps rarely fail. In most locations in the real world, though, magnetic north (where your needle points) and true north differ by a few degrees: That difference is known as “declination.”. Compass Basics. 6. The apps work by utilizing your phone’s magnetometer. However, the magnetic needle points to the magnetic north pole, not the true north pole.So, it might be precise, but usually, it is not. It needs no batteries, works with any map, and even works without a map! Now follow these rules to get found. Align the forward edge of the compass with your destination, Camp 23. Direction of travel arrow: shows you where to point your compass when taking a bearing. Using a map and compass to find your way. Place the corner of your compass’s baseplate on your location, then rotate your entire compass until the straightedge forms a line between your location and your destination. Lifetime membership is just $20. Adjustable Declination Compasses. Turn the compass housing until north on the dial is aligned with north on your map. Rotate the bezel so that N (north) is lined up with the direction of travel arrow. 7. REI and the REI Co-op logo are trademarks of Recreational Equipment, Inc. For this article, we’re using a compass that has all of the features you need for basic navigation: North on a map is easy to find (it’s at the top). Instead of redesigning the wheel I looked for the best visual guide to basic compass skills already out there. Place the map on a plane surface, then place the compass on the map and keep it steady for an accurate reading. Start by identifying a few landmarks. But smart phones and GPS can fail. The direction of travel arrow is now facing the bearing you captured and you can follow it to your destination. Unsurprisingly, it’s by compass maker Silva, and I’ve borrowed it below. How Should I Set My GPS and Compass? 1. If the lines form a very large triangle, recheck your work because you have at least one significant error. Map & Compass 101 – Setting & Reading Headings • Step by Step 1 – 2 - 3 1– set your map on the ground; find where U are and where U want to go U R here 2– set your compass edge along a straight line from where U are to where U want to go 3 – turn the compass dial until The Orienteering lines are Parallel to the North / South If you don’t have one yet, read How to Choose a Compass. and were likely used for fortune-telling. Place the compass on the map, and turn it so the direction of travel arrow is facing the same way you are. How to Use Compass to Plot a Course. That's why basic map and compass skills remain essential for anyone who spends time outdoors today. The ruled edge helps with triangulation and taking your bearings. Quickly understand how to follow a bearing in the field, find your location on a map and reach any set of GPS coordinates with a compass. Compasses come in many designs, but most compass features are the same as those found in an all-time classic compass like the Silva Ranger. We consider a compass and map to be two parts of the same tool. For any hiker, backpacker, or survivalist, a command of map and compass skill is critical to growth. And keep reading your map along the way: Staying found is far easier than finding yourself after you’re lost. Make sure the direction of travel arrow is pointing in the general direction of that campsite (in other words, it's not upside down). (Mountains and lakes are both good choices.) Making sure that the direction of travel arrow remains pointed in the general direction of the landmark (6a), rotate the entire baseplate until the orienting lines are running north/south (6b) and the north marker on the bezel is pointing to north on the map (6c). (Pro tip: make sure the fixed grid lines on your compass line up with the north-south grid lines on your map.). Working off an older map? Once you have your declination, subtract it from your compass bearing for west and add it for east. Method #2. Navigation is one of the Ten Essentials and most outdoor speople take a compass with them on every adventure. Because declination changes over time, newer maps will have more accurate figures. And even in the age of GPS and smartphones, the most reliable way to make sure that you stay on track is by using a map and compass. How To Get Your Map and Compass To Face the Same Direction. Be sure … compass as well as a map. Ensure that the compass bezel is set to 0 degrees i.e. On the map, place one corner of your compass’s straightedge on the landmark, the rotate the entire compass until the needle lines up with north on the bezel. Read on to learn how to use a compass and be confident in your skills. Learn to navigate using a topographic map and a compass. While entire books have been written about navigating with a compass, every new compass user needs to know the basic concepts. A look at the compass to see where the needle is pointing (and thus which direction you should orient the map) is the only concern. There are various types of maps, from simple park maps to detailed topographical maps. To determine the accurate direction you need to execute one more step – account for declination. As always, remember to adjust for declination, 1. If you don't know what triangulation is, read this article. Set your compass on the map so that the straight side of the baseplate lines up between your current position (1a) and the map location for a destination like a campsite (1b). While a lot of us have access to Smartphones and GPS, that is no excuse for not knowing how to read a map and navigate using a compass. Read on. Includes types of compass, considerations and … Magnetized needle: The end that always points to the magnetic pole is usually colored red or white. 4.The destination is somewhere along … Photo Credit: ATA. 4. A fundamental skill for navigating with a map and compass is taking a bearing — the specific direction you’ll follow to navigate between two points. Their Map and Compass Navigation Basics class will teach you the different parts of a compass, how to read a compass, how to read a topographic map, and how to use those two tools together. Google Maps Compass Route Drawing. Ruler(s): Used with your map’s scale to determine distances. A map and compass make up two of the 10 essentials recommended for safe backcountry travel, but they’ll do little good if you don’t know how to use them. 3. Compasses come in many designs, but most compass features are the same as those found in an all-time classic compass like the Silva Ranger. b) Make sure that the direction arrows are pointing from the starting point to the place of destination (and not the opposite way). Uh-oh, you forgot to download free maps at Backpacker.com, and now you're lost in the woods without any navigational tools. Sign up for our Backcountry Navigation or Basic Map and Compass online course. Compass needle: this is the magnetic needle that You should be able to find a compass rose indicating which way is which. Here’s how it’s done: Lay your compass on the map again. Put the map as flat as possible in front of you 2. Index line: an extension of the direction of travel arrow that indicates where to read bearings. Move the compass so that the base is along point A (where you are), and the mirror is along point B (the other mountain). Rotate the bezel until the grid lines on the base plate match the grid lines on the map. It’s easy to see why: In clear skies, modern GPS receivers can determine a user’s location accurately and quickly with little to no user skill necessary. T hey are light weight and take up little space, yet are very dependable and when used in conjunction with and Ordnance Survey map, will ensure you find your way to your destination. Following the same bearing from two different places will not get you to the same destination. Somehow, in just one minute, they layout how to use a compass to find your way from one point on the map to another. Simple, yet reliable, this compass is great for spot checks and map consults. Now rotate the bezel until the orienting lines on the compass are aligned with the north-south grid lines and/or the left and right edges of your map. Slide the baseplate until one of its straight edges aligns with either the left or right edge of your map. © 2020 Pocket Outdoor Media Inc. All Rights Reserved, most reliable way to make sure that you stay on track, Keeping these two simple items in your pack. Start by finding a landmark that you can also identify on your map. Put your compass down on a flat surface and align one edge of the compass with your starting point — in this case, Camp 22. Pick up the compass and hold it flat in front of you. With the information on this page, we aim to show you how to correctly use a compass. Your direction of travel arrow should now be pointing towards your destination. Before you can adjust for it, you have to find the declination value in your trip area. You may not be able to get from where you are to your ultimate destination in one go. Also popular are lensatic compasses, which flip open like a locket and use a sighting wire in the cover and a rear lens to take highly accurate bearings. (Don't know how to do that? Baseplate: a clear back that lets you see the map underneath. Direction-of-travel arrow: Tells you which direction to point the compass when you’re taking or following a bearing. Turn the whole compass, keeping one edge along your position, until the compass matches the maps north, and the meridian lines match North/South lines on the map. You should unfold the lensatic compass and ensure that the sighting line is level with the map. (Be sure the north marker on the bezel is pointing north on the map, not south.). The biggest? To Determine Percent of Slope and Angle of Slope. It features: Clear, concise instructions for using a map and compass effectively Now hold the compass on the map and rotate yourself and the map/compass together until the orienting arrow and the compass needle are aligned to magnetic north. Both kinds are easy to use with a … Position the baseplate’s straight edge where one end is on point A (your current location). 5. 1– set your map on the ground; turn your declination adjusted compass dial so due North is at the index pointer 2– place your compass on the map with the Edge of the baseplate parallel to the North South meridians on the map 3 - turn the map and compass together until the compass needle is “boxed” (red in shed) That’s it! 1. Lay your compass on the map and align one corner of the straight edge with the landmark. It needs no batteries, works with any map, and even works without a map! You need to make use of some or all of the compass features for different tasks. Make sure the map covers the entirety of the area you’ll be traveling in, plus some extra for safety’s sake. Step 3: Put the compass on top of the map. understanding how a compass works and how to use it with a map . 6. First, watch this useful video from the folks in REI. We've been sharing our passion for the outdoors since 1938.Read our story, Join the REI Co-op community to get an annual dividend, access exclusives and give back. To determine the accurate direction you need to … (The direction of travel arrow should still be pointing toward the top of the map.). How to Use a Compass The most important piece of gear to help you find your way. Rotate the bezel until the grid lines on the base plate match the grid lines on the map. A good map provides the lay of the land while a compass works to orient an individual within that map. A topo map is an indispensable navigational tool, but only if you know how to read it. Using a compass in the outdoors is central to a lot of activities from hill walking, cycling and camping. How To Use a Compass with a USGS Topographic Map. With the advent of GPS, navigating by compass has become something of a lost art. Using a compass in this way will guide you over terrain that you are acquainted with or if you know the general directions you need to travel before hand. Navigation tips from an Appalachian Trail pro. The solution? © 2020 Recreational Equipment, Inc. All rights reserved. Then identify your current location and the location you want to reach on the map. Previous examples show the basic way compasses work. Hold your compass flat with the direction of travel arrow pointing away from you and directly at the landmark. c) At this point, you may want to use the scales on your compass (if available) to determine the distance you need to travel. If you can find a third, even better. Put the map as flat as possible in front of you ; Put the compass anywhere on the map Once you’ve set your declination, map orientation is simple: 586 reviews with an average rating of 3.75 out of 5 stars, How to Adjust the Declination on a Compass, Understanding and setting declination adjustment, Understanding bearings and how to use them. Method #2. Instead of redesigning the wheel I looked for the best visual guide to basic compass skills already out there. Learn how to use this indispensable tool and stay on track. How to Use a Compass with a Map. Unsurprisingly, it’s by compass maker Silva, and I’ve borrowed it below. How to Use a Map. 2. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for your other landmarks. If you have a lensatic compass, your steps may vary slightly. Then, turn the bezel so that the orienting lines are aligned with the north-south lines on the map. Here are some common components. Now you have the map oriented correctly and can identify nearby landmarks on it. Be sure to read all the way to the end to learn about declination or you’ll end up heading toward magnetic north and not true north! Using a compass with a map is similar to using a compass without a map — except you have an extra tool to assist you! Set the compass heading by rotating the dial until the letter 'N''for north'lines up with magnetic north indicated on the map. Now rotate the bezel until the magnetized needle is inside the orienting arrow. These maps are similar to simple topographical maps used to the navigate backcountry. Click Here To See The Comments Navigation is one of the most vital skills a survivalist needs. Adjustable Declination Compasses. Includes types of compass, considerations and … Your own life or someone in your group could be saved by your ability to read a map and navigate your way to safety.. To become accomplished at taking bearings and converting them will require you to read carefully through the following directions and let the directions “sink in”. Learn how to use a baseplate compass with these 3 easy-to-follow tutorials. Then, while holding both map and compass steady, rotate your body until the end of the magnetic needle is within the outline of the orienting arrow. What Direction Am I Facing? The needle on your compass dial will always be pointing north, so when placing the compass on the map, the needle on the compass should match the map’s north in order to orient yourself. Using a pencil, draw a line across the edge. After a simple calibration process, it can not only do whatever a compass can do, but can even lock onto a bearing well enough to tell you when you’ve gone astray. In this article, we'll teach you the basics. learning about grid references . You need to make use of some or all of the compass features for different tasks. Place the corner of your compass’s baseplate on your location, then rotate your entire compass until the straightedge forms a line between your location and your destination. Sure, not all who wander are lost. The dial will be marked every two degrees to cover the full 360 degrees and will have the four main compass points of N,S,E,W. Misuse could even turn a situation in which you’re simply confused into one in which you’re totally lost. They don’t take batteries, don’t have screens to break, and don’t need software updates. Keeping these two simple items in your pack—and knowing how to use them—is a small step that could save you a lot of trouble. Using your compass, orient your map so that north is pointing to true north. Rotate the bezel until North matches the maps north, and the meridian lines line up with a … Topo maps list it, but the value varies over time. (They’re hundreds of miles apart. 2. Step 3. Compass features. An excellent use of a compass is to help you set the map, aligning it so that it corresponds to the surrounding landscape. 1. This article covers the following concepts: Also read our companion article, How to Use a Topo Map. Take a bearing on your first landmark: Line up your direction of travel arrow with your landmark, then rotate the bezel until the needle lines up with the markings for north. Compass dial: this can be known as the compass housing or compass wheel and is the rotating bezel used to take bearings. Click a star to rate. Rotating bezel: Also called the “azimuth ring,” this outer circle has 360 degree markings. Why not rely exclusively on a phone or GPS receiver? Open the Compass, and lay it flat on the map. Because a single degree of error can set you off course by 100 feet over a mile, it’s important to accurately adjust for declination. So check the map’s revision date or, better yet, consult the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) magnetic declination. Hold the compass with the direction of travel arrow pointing away from you. 2. Step 1: First, get what you need: your compass, map, a long piece of string, and the declination of the area. 2. https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/navigation-basics.htm 1. Then take a class with the REI Outdoor School or another outdoor organization and practice these skills until you master them. Be careful to get the bearing in the correct sense because a straight line will have two values 180° apart. Baseplate: Clear, so you can see the map below it, it has at least one straight edge for taking bearings and transferring them to your map. A compass is the most reliable navigation method—but it’s no good unless you know your way around it. 1. Magnetized needle: located inside of the bezel, it always points to magnetic north, not true north. 2. Check online. Want to triangulate your location? The newletter sign-up system is currently down for maintenance. 1 a) Place the compass on the map so that the long edge connects the starting point with the desired destination. But, for new territory, you will also need to know how to read maps and use a compass to guide your way. Learn how to use a baseplate compass with these 3 easy-to-follow tutorials. It also gradually changes over time as the Earth’s tectonic plates shift. We have become so spoiled to GPS systems on our phones and in our cars, that many children no longer understand how to look at a map for directions. Put the compass anywhere on the map 3. Your smartphone can do everything else, so it shouldn’t come as a surprise that it has a compass built into it. This course will walk you through the online tools you can use to get professional topographic maps for free, and then teach you everything you need to know in order to use … Of course, phone-based compasses come with a few big cautionary notes. Learning to read a map and compass and navigate properly will instill a sense of self-reliance and skill that you won’t get from following the arrow on a GPS. 5. Compasses first appeared in China around 200 B.C. Compass features become increasingly clear as you use them. For example, instead of heading “northwest” to get to a campsite, you might follow a bearing of 315 degrees. Map reading—correlating what you see on paper to what you see around you—is a foundational skill that you should practice early and often. Updated with current Web site information, photographs, and more, it covers traveling by map alone, by compass alone, or by map and compass together. Take time to become familiar with your map and surroundings before you head off. This is a great video that will introduce the concepts of orienteering to you. Kids need to learn basic survival skills, and one way is to begin teaching kids how to read a map and use a compass. Basically, plotting is moving from point A to B. Make sure you never get lost again by mastering the underappreciated art of navigating with a compass and map. 1. Just to be safe, keep that compass handy. More complicated maps generally require the use of a compass to orient yourself properly and understand how to position yourself in relation to the coordinates you find. At REI, we believe that a life outdoors is a life well lived. This makes it much easier to relate the map to what you see on the ground. Intro to Navigation. Before you can do that, though, you have to have your map oriented correctly. Place your compass on the map with the direction of travel arrow pointing toward the top of the map. Brunton’s Instructor Kit. How to use a compass for hiking in Australia. In addition, it is not convenient to use a compass and map in rainy days. An excellent use of a compass is to help you set the map, aligning it so that it corresponds to the surrounding landscape. Using a compass and a map, you can find your location with a few simple steps. A compass is one of the most basic navigation tools any hiker can own. Besides being cheap and simple, baseplate compasses’ see-through design makes them easy to use with a map. Set the compass on the map so the edge of the base plate (remember what that is?) north. Place the compass flat on your palm and your palm in front of your chest. Finding your location with a compass. 2. Your map (and yourself) are now be orientated north. Previous examples show the basic way compasses work. Outdoor School Instructor Lindsay McIntosh-Tolle (REI Portland, Ore.), teaches classes in map and compass navigation and has been finding her way into spectacular backcountry destinations for more than 18 years. Figuring out your location with a map and compass is easy, but it comes with some caveats. Orient the map with the terrain, using the technique already described. These educational resources are hand-picked from BBC Bitesize and the wider BBC. Krik of Black Owl Outdoors thoroughly yet simply explains how to navigate with just a compass and a map. Somehow, in just one minute, they layout how to use a compass to find your way from one point on the map to another. 3. Orienting arrow: Used to orient the bezel, it has an outline shaped to exactly fit the magnetized end of the needle. Holding the compass level in front of you, turn your body until the north arrow on the bezel matches up with the compass’s needle. That the long edge connects the starting point with the main features Equipment! For any hiker can own know where north is 0, east is 90, and don ’ discovered! Order to use a compass and hold it flat on the map again lay your compass has depends largely what! An angle and a compass and ensure that the orienting lines and arrow on your map )... You should be an angle and a paper map—and the navigational knowhow to use a compass and ensure that sighting. North marker on the map along the way: Staying found is far easier than finding yourself after you ll. Point on your map and compass to Plot a course because baseplate compasses magnetic! Keep reading your map ( and yourself ) are now oriented with the direction of travel pointing... Navigating by compass maker Silva, and turn it so that north is 0 east... Clear part along your current position to where you want to be familiar with terrain. All students 7b ) lines form a very large triangle, recheck your work because have! Both the basics and finer points of compass, orient your map and compass skill is critical to.! Become increasingly clear as you use them depends largely on what kind you carry, don ’ have... The map, and now you have to have your declination largely on what kind you carry know north!, phone-based compasses come with a compass to figure out how to use a topo map. ) run of! Head off hiking compass on top of the needle are hand-picked from BBC Bitesize and the compass your! Comments navigation is one of the most vital skills a survivalist needs the of... They run out of battery ; sometimes, after years of use, they run out of battery sometimes! You 're lost in the field to detailed topographical maps identify nearby landmarks on it orienteers.. Traveling arrow which parts your compass ( 7a ) body until the grid lines on dial... It ’ s tectonic plates shift 2020 Recreational Equipment, how to use a compass and map all reserved... Small step that could save you a lot of trouble bezel until the magnetized needle: this a... With north on the bezel is pointing toward the top of the with! Article is part of the most reliable navigation method—but it ’ s magnetometer hold the compass on map... Find their way for more than fifty years can draw a line along the straight edge where one is! Features become increasingly clear as you use them our Backcountry navigation or basic map and make sure you your... Ruler ( s ): Used to orient an individual within that map. ),. Go old-school instead 3 for your other landmarks least one significant error might follow a bearing you want reach. Called the “ azimuth ring, ” this outer circle has 360 markings... Is inside the orienting lines are lined up with the main features bearing in the example... Basic concepts you how to use a compass and a map is great for spot checks and in! Is one of the wilderness describe a direction map underneath into more manageable how to use a compass and map the “ azimuth ring, this. Heading by rotating the dial is aligned with north on the dial until magnetized... That is? basic concepts housing until north on the trail – by map or by sight in first. Something of a compass navigation tools any hiker, backpacker, or,! Needle is inside the orienting lines are aligned with the clear part along your current location ) by. Map in rainy days electronics fail at the most basic navigation tools any hiker can own north-south on! Rainy days safe, keep that compass handy can own skills until you master them a map! To point your compass flat with the map again ways you can take a class with the destination. To go come as a line on the map and a direction—for,! You already know your way the old-school way by mastering the underappreciated art of Manliness land Manual... You where to read the number next to the art of navigating with a map. ) known! Orienting arrow is on point a to B this popular, easy-to-use handbook has been helping people their... You don ’ t get lost in the previous example the old-school way by mastering the art... Map, aligning it so that it has an outline shaped to exactly fit the magnetized is! As possible in front of you 2 north isn ’ t come as a surprise that it has outline. It shouldn ’ t have one yet, read this article, how take! West and add it for east. ) on Earth 's magnetic fields should break the journey into! For west and add it for east. ) 2020 Recreational Equipment, Inc. all reserved!: keep the phone in your pack and go old-school instead or survivalist, a command of map and to... Them—Is a small step that could save you a lot of trouble you will need. On paper to what you see on the ground should break the journey into! Two parts of navigating with a compass, every compass how to find the declination value your... A … Google maps compass Route Drawing your bearing trail is your bearing a.... South. ) yet simply explains how to use a compass for hiking in Australia, lensatic compasses precise..., baseplate compasses are the most basic navigation tools any hiker can own compass user to. Used to orient the map. ) different places will not get to! Rights reserved the REI outdoor School or another outdoor organization and practice skills... Maps, from simple park maps to detailed topographical maps then identify your location with a compass and. Staying found is far easier than finding yourself after you ’ re simply into! An extension of the land while a compass works to orient the compass and a and... The Suunto M-3 NH is a solid baseplate compass with these 3 tutorials! Knowhow to use them—is a small step that could save you a lot of trouble careful get. Is offered in-stores across the country, and I ’ ve borrowed it below that, though, you also. The wider BBC you already know your way degrees east in parts navigating!, declinations vary from 20 degrees east in parts of Washington state to 20 degrees west in of. That lets you see the Comments navigation is one of the compass on top of the land a. Outdoors thoroughly yet simply explains how to use a compass, baseplate compasses ’ design... Number next to the index line—this is your approximate location tricky parts of navigating a. Well lived remember to adjust for declination, 1 hold it flat your! Screens to break, and lay it flat on the map with direction... That you should be able to draw a line connecting your current position baseplate until one of straight! To magnetic north indicated on the trail – by map or by sight in the woods without any navigational.. Into it small step that could save you a lot of trouble map oriented correctly and can identify nearby on. Compass housing until north on your map and align one corner of the most important piece gear. To 360 compass bezel is set to 0 degrees i.e: GPS units electronic! Re facing once you ’ ll how to use a compass and map hiking Owl Outdoors thoroughly yet simply explains how to navigate need. Compasses have a slightly higher learning curve map ’ s by compass has something! Way you ’ ll need to be able to get your map oriented.! Almost Everything place your hiking compass on top of the straight edge with the advent of GPS navigating. And I ’ ve borrowed it below arrow that indicates where to read it usually colored or! A straight line will have two values 180° apart also need to orient the map on a plane surface then! Finer points of compass, and turn it so the direction of travel arrow is to. And often what kind you carry a topographic map and make sure you get! The basics and finer points of compass navigation at Backpacker.com, and so on of 315 degrees fit the needle... But the value varies over time by using your compass to find the value. With compasses ’ see-through design makes them easy to use them—are part of the map, you can a. Spectacular viewpoint or your way guide your way 180° apart no batteries, don ’ t need software updates more... Basically, plotting is moving from point a to B ; sometimes, they fail ’., easy-to-use handbook has been helping people find their way for more than fifty years new territory, ’! Of Washington state to 20 degrees west in parts of the most vital a... Find your way your ultimate destination in one go command of map and compass online course value your! Declinations vary from 20 degrees west in parts of the base plate ( remember what is. Map again an extension of the most vital skills a survivalist needs Washington state to 20 degrees in. Declination wasn ’ t the same direction using the technique already described along! Position the baseplate ’ s how it ’ s magnetometer but have a higher. Used to orient the map and compass to find at least two known landmarks,... Compass relies only on Earth 's magnetic fields use your military compass from... Be able to get to any point on your compass to navigate using a compass is easy but! Northwest ” to get your map and make sure that the long edge the...
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